Valleriani M. Galileo Engineer. 2010.
Valleriani M. Galileo Engineer. - Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2010. XXII. - 320 p.
Galileo’s activities as a practitioner: the side of Galileo’s work historians did not relate. The practical knowledge shared by Galileo and from which his science emerged. All of the relevant letters from Galileo’s correspondence that provide an understanding of Galileo as an engineer. These are translated into English for the first time.
This work systematically investigates and reconstructs the practical knowledge Galileo shared during his lifetime. Galileo shared many aspects of practical knowledge.These included the methods and experience of foremen and engineers active within various frameworks. Galileo did not always react to such scientific impulses in the same way. On the one hand, he not only shared practical knowledge, but also acted as an engineer, especially within the framework of the art of war at the end of the sixteenth century, and more so during the time he spent in Padua. On the other hand, his scientific achievements were largely based on and influenced by aspects of practical knowledge coming from particular disciplines and activities, without him ever becoming an expert in these disciplines.
Two case studies, the first concerned with Galileo's theory of the strength of materials and the second with his achievement of an atomistic heat doctrine, enable a focus on the early modern model of generation of new scientific knowledge based on the conflicting interaction between aspects of practical knowledge and Aristotelian theoretical assumptions.Table of Contents
The Historical Epistemology of Mechanics. A foreword by Jürgen Renn
IntroductionWar and Practice
Artist-engineers' Apprenticeship and Galileo
Instruments and Machines
Galileo's Private Course on FortificationPractice and Science
The Knowledge of the Venetian Arsenal
Pneumatics, the Thermoscope and the New Atomistic Conception of HeatThe Engineer and the Scientist
Was Galileo an Engineer?Galileo's correspondence translated into English (38 letters)
Index of Names